Some milestones from our history
The Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society (SPAS) had acted against the far-reaching military cooperation agreement with Saudi Arabia since it was signed in November 2005. In March 2015, the government declared that it will terminate the contract.
SPAS is part of the international network Control Arms and acted for an international arms trade. On April 2, 2013, the UN General Assembly adopted the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). It is the first international agreement that regulates trade in conventional arms. It entered into force on Christmas Eve 2014 when 50 states had ratified the agreement.
SPAS campaign for democracy criterion for arms exports and against arms exports to dictatorships achieved a partial victory when the parliament in 2011 decided to tighten export controls over non-democratic states. A year later, an investigation started with the aim to sharpen the guidelines. It was completed June 26, 2015.
The Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society (SPAS) runs the Swedish section of the global campaign against cluster munitions which in December reaches its goal of a total ban on cluster munitions.
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines receives the Nobel Peace Prize. SPAS formed the Swedish section of the campaign in 1992.
As a reaction to the war in Chechnya, SPAS protests against the war outside the Russian embassy in Stockholm and engages in cooperation with the Russian Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers.
SPAS reveals illegal arms deliveries from the Swedish company Bofors. This is followed by a public debate on illegal as well as legal arms trade which infl uenced the government to adopt stricter export guidelines.
The writer Per Anders Fogelström (president of SPAS 1963-77) takes, together with others prominent in Sweden’s cultural life, the initiative to a campaign against Swedish nuclear arms. Th e campaign challenged ideas among some Swedish military and politicians to build a Swedish A-bomb. In 1968, Sweden fi nally joined the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
Sweden adopts its fi rst law to provide an alternative service for conscientious objectors.
Norway breaks out of the union with Sweden. Th ere were discussions within Swedish society and the military about using military force to prevent the Norwegians from leaving the union. But after campaigns by SPAS and others the dispute was solved peacefully. It was also decided that future disputes between Sweden and Norway should be solved by arbitration.
Some 80 members of the Swedish parliament, mainly liberals, gather to form The Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society (SPAS). The meeting was a reaction to a proposal from the government to increase Sweden’s military spending.